پذیرش و بکارگیری نوآوریهای مبتنی بر فعالیت: باتاکید بر آشنایی، پذیرش و میزان استفاده

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه حسابداری دانشگاه کردستان، ایران

2 کارشناس ارشد حسابداری، دانشگاه کردستان، ایران.

چکیده

نوآوریهای مبتنی بر فعالیت را می­توان هرگونه رویة حسابداری مدیریت دانست که از مفهوم "فعالیتها" بعنوان هستة اصلی خود استفاده می­نماید. این پژوهش تلاش دارد تا ضمن تبیین مفهوم نوآوریهای مبتنی بر فعالیت، عوامل تاثیرگذار بر آشنایی، پذیرش و میزان استفاده از نوآوریهای مبتنی بر فعالیت را شناسایی نماید. جامعه آماری این پژوهش شرکت‌ها‌ی تولیدی شهر کرمان بوده و داده­های مورد نیاز از طریق پرسشنامه محقق ساخته جمع­آوری شده است. دورة زمانی انجام پژوهش تابستان 1395 بوده است. برای تجزیه و تحلیل داده­ها و آزمون فرضیه­های پژوهش از مدل رگرسیون لجستیک باینری و ضریب همبستگی پیرسون استفاده شده است. یافته­های پژوهش نشان می­دهد ویژگی‌ها‌ی نوآوری ارتباط معناداری با آشنایی با «نوآوریهای مبتنی بر فعالیت» ندارند. از میان ویژگی‌ها‌ی نوآوری تنها ویژگی مزیت نسبی با پذیرش نوآوری ارتباط مثبت و معناداری دارد. از میان عوامل سازمانی تنها دو ویژگی حمایت حامی‌‌داخلی و سطح سربار با آشنایی با نوآوری و دو ویژگی حمایت مدیریت ارشد و حمایت حامی‌‌داخلی با پذیرش نوآوری ارتباط مثبت و معناداری دارند. عوامل عدم اطمینان محیطی با میزان استفاده از «نوآوری مبتنی بر فعالیت» ارتباط مثبت معناداری دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Adoption and Implementation of Activity-Based Innovations: with Emphasis on Initiation, Adoption and Extent of Use

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Nazaripour 1
  • Saeed Ghonjalipoor 2
1 Assistant Professor of Accounting, Kordestan University, Iran
2 MA of Accounting, Kordestan University, Iran
چکیده [English]

Activity-based innovations can be defined as ‘any management accounting practice that uses the concept of ‘activities’ as its hard core’. This study specifies the concept of activity-based innovations and identifies the factors influencing ABI initiation, adoption and extent of use. The statistical population of this study is Kerman manufacturing companies. Required data was collected through self-made questionnaire. The research period has been the summer of 2017. Binary logistic regression model and Pearson correlation coefficient were used to test the research hypotheses. According to the research findings, there is no a meaningful relationship between innovation attributes and initiation of "activity-based innovations." Among the attributes of innovation, only the relative advantage has a positive and significant relationship with the adoption of innovation. Among the organizational factors, only two factors “top management support” and the “levels of overhead” have a positive and significant relationship with initiation of innovation as well as only two factors “top management support” and “champion support” have a positive and significant relationship with the adoption of innovation. Environmental uncertainty factors have a positive and meaningful relationship with the extent of use of "activity-based innovation"

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Activity-Based Innovations
  • Innovation Attributes
  • Initiation
  • Adoption
  • Extent of Use
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